He seized control of the capital Luoyang in when it entered a state of turmoil following the death of Emperor Ling of Han and a massacre of the eunuch faction by the court officials led by General-in-Chief He Jin. Dong Zhuo's rule was brief and characterized by cruelty and tyranny. In the following year, a coalition of regional officials and warlords launched a campaign against him. Failing to stop the coalition forces, Dong Zhuo sacked Luoyang and relocated further west to Chang'an.
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Dong Son culture , important prehistoric culture of Indochina; it is named for a village in northern Vietnam where many of its remains have been found. The Dong Son site shows that bronze culture was introduced into Indochina from the north, probably about bc , the date of the earliest Dong Son remains. Dong Son was not solely a bronze culture; its people also had iron implements and Chinese cultural artifacts. Nevertheless, their bronze work , especially the production of ritual bronze kettle drums, was of a high order. The Dong Son people also are distinguished by their great stone monuments, built for religious functions, which are similar to monuments found in Polynesia. The Dong Son were a seafaring people who apparently traveled and traded throughout Southeast Asia. They also cultivated rice and are credited with originating the process of changing the Red River delta area into a great rice-growing region.
They also were skilled bronze casters , which is evidenced by the Dong Son drum found widely throughout northern Vietnam and South China. According to some scholars, the Dong Son culture were most likely ethnically Kra-Dai ancestral to Li people , Austronesians , or both. The current distribution of Northern Vietic also correspond to the area of Dong Son culture. Thus, Ferlus conclude that the Dongsonian culture was of Vietic origin and they were the direct ancestors of modern Vietnamese people. The origins of Dong Son culture may be traced back to ancient bronze castings. However, according to archaeological discoveries in Isan , Thailand in the s, the casting of bronze began in Southeast Asia first. This includes bronze axes, spearheads and knives. The bronze drums were used for war, "the chief summons the warriors of the tribe by beating the drum", when mourning, and during feasts.